Close this search box.
Close this search box.

Remote/Hybrid Work On The Decline As Companies Struggle To Drive Engagement, Poll Finds

© AdobeStock
A new poll of more than 150 U.S. CEOs shows a growing number of companies abandoning hybrid and remote work despite benefits to employees, as collaboration, culture and innovation challenges persist.

It’s a question many have asked over the past three years: What will happen to remote work once the pandemic days are behind us?

Corporate leadership teams have explored the pros and cons of the new way of working, weighing in worker demand against productivity levels and engagement metrics.

Now, as the Biden administration readies to officially end to the U.S.’s Covid-19 public health emergency on May 11, a new poll by Chief Executive shows a growing number of companies are reverting to in-office work, despite knowing the decision may cost them talent in the end.

But the reason, we found, has little to do with performance—and more about the difficulties in getting it right.

According to the poll of 153 US CEOs, conducted on April 4, 19 percent of companies have called employees back on site for in-person work “by choice” (not counting those companies that cannot operate remotely), with the remainder having adopted remote and hybrid work policies (mainly hybrid).

While the new work models remain more common than in-person among the companies we polled, that data represents a significant step backward from what we had observed in 2022.

At the time of our 2022 survey—in early May—only 31 percent of U.S. companies operated on-site, including those that had no choice because they cannot operate remotely (think factories and retail, for example). That number jumped nearly 50 percent in 2023, to 46 percent.

That move pushed the proportion of hybrid companies down from 61 percent in 2022, to 48 percent in 2023—and remote work from 7 percent to 5 percent over the same period.

The data comes as somewhat of a surprise because when we asked CEOs to share whether they were satisfied with their chosen model in 2022, 60 percent of those that had a remote or hybrid model in place said yes. A negligible half percent said they were planning to go back to in-person work after the pandemic.

And according to our 2023 survey, only 5 percent of companies operating in a remote or hybrid manner said performance had declined as a result. So, what happened?

“It kills innovation,” said the CEO of a small tech company who reported negative results as part of the remote experiment.

A CEO in the engineering space said that while providing flexibility makes it easier to attract and keep talent, it is also more work for leadership at all levels of the organization, with a greater need to be deliberate in communications, work sharing and relationship development.

But perhaps a bigger contributor to the return to the office has been a weaker culture, as CEOs say they struggle to get the same level of engagement and involvement from their remote employees.

“We’ve extended remote work flexibility to some of our office staff, and while they get their work done timely, it is difficult and sometimes frustrating to get them involved in team projects, instantaneous ideation, etc.,” said Don Ochsenreiter, president and CEO of Dollamur Sport Surfaces, a sporting goods store in Fort Worth, Texas.

Ochsenreiter’s situation is one many other CEOs find themselves in: where some employees enjoy the flexibility of remote work while others must be on-site to get the job done. “We have a factory where attendance is mandatory,” said Rahul Parikh, president of MultiTech Industries, a manufacturer of electronics components based in New Jersey. “But office workers are on hybrid schedule, creating some morale issues.”

One advertising CEO said the company only allows fully remote work for a handful of long-time employees in special circumstances. Others are required in the office at least a few times a week. “We continue to see utilization and realization rate impacts. We are retaining less of each dollar, but the team is seemingly working more hours, so the hybrid model contributes to the team feeling like they need to put more hours in but with less productive outcomes,” the CEO said. “It remains to be seen whether or not we will continue this model indefinitely.”

“It’s much harder to build company culture when you are fully remote,” agreed Xana Winans, CEO of Golden Proportions Marketing, a marketing agency in Milton, Pennsylvania. But, she said, “I have access to talent around the country that I simply could not get where the company is based.”

And that, perhaps, is one of the greatest areas of opportunity for companies today. The question is, how do you make the rest work for all facets of the operations.

“Without becoming a sort of Big Brother, we’d like to have a better track of our activities conducted remotely,” said Massimo Toso, president and CEO of Buzzi Unicem, a cement manufacturing company in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

Dean Lee, president and CEO of 3HC Home Health and Hospice Care, said his company has seen improved staff satisfaction and productivity with going hybrid with flexibility as to if/when employees come on site. He is very satisfied with the outcome, but like many, he says “the challenges are with maintaining connectivity/relationships with team members.”

To address these challenges and help CEOs make hybrid and remote work work, Chief Executive will be holding two events:

1. Making Hybrid Work Great, in collaboration with Steelcase, will showcase emerging best practices for hybrid work in a unique in-person day of learning for CEOs, CHROs, CFOs and CIOs contending with new workplace strategies, implications of evolving employee expectations and competition for talent. Speakers include Stephen M.R. Covey, bestselling author, Trust & Inspire and The Speed of Trust; Lynne Borthwick, global talent leader, Thrasio; April Hicks, head of global talent acquisition and people strategy & enablement, Bank of America; and many others. Join us April 27.

2. The Remote Work Future: A virtual conference that will bring together leaders of remote work organizations and thought leaders to share best practices on fostering innovation and collaboration, effective goal setting and individual coaching that gets results when your employees aren’t in one building and identifying solutions to common cultural challenges. Join us May 2.

About the CEO Confidence Index

The CEO Confidence Index is America’s largest monthly survey of chief executives. Each month, Chief Executive surveys CEOs across America, at organizations of all types and sizes, to compile our CEO Confidence Index data. The Index tracks confidence in current and future business environments, based on CEOs’ observations of various economic and business components. For additional information about the Index and prior months data, visit


  • Get the CEO Briefing

    Sign up today to get weekly access to the latest issues affecting CEOs in every industry
  • upcoming events


    Strategic Planning Workshop

    1:00 - 5:00 pm

    Over 70% of Executives Surveyed Agree: Many Strategic Planning Efforts Lack Systematic Approach Tips for Enhancing Your Strategic Planning Process

    Executives expressed frustration with their current strategic planning process. Issues include:

    1. Lack of systematic approach (70%)
    2. Laundry lists without prioritization (68%)
    3. Decisions based on personalities rather than facts and information (65%)


    Steve Rutan and Denise Harrison have put together an afternoon workshop that will provide the tools you need to address these concerns.  They have worked with hundreds of executives to develop a systematic approach that will enable your team to make better decisions during strategic planning.  Steve and Denise will walk you through exercises for prioritizing your lists and steps that will reset and reinvigorate your process.  This will be a hands-on workshop that will enable you to think about your business as you use the tools that are being presented.  If you are ready for a Strategic Planning tune-up, select this workshop in your registration form.  The additional fee of $695 will be added to your total.

    To sign up, select this option in your registration form. Additional fee of $695 will be added to your total.

    New York, NY: ​​​Chief Executive's Corporate Citizenship Awards 2017

    Women in Leadership Seminar and Peer Discussion

    2:00 - 5:00 pm

    Female leaders face the same issues all leaders do, but they often face additional challenges too. In this peer session, we will facilitate a discussion of best practices and how to overcome common barriers to help women leaders be more effective within and outside their organizations. 

    Limited space available.

    To sign up, select this option in your registration form. Additional fee of $495 will be added to your total.

    Golf Outing

    10:30 - 5:00 pm
    General’s Retreat at Hermitage Golf Course
    Sponsored by UBS

    General’s Retreat, built in 1986 with architect Gary Roger Baird, has been voted the “Best Golf Course in Nashville” and is a “must play” when visiting the Nashville, Tennessee area. With the beautiful setting along the Cumberland River, golfers of all capabilities will thoroughly enjoy the golf, scenery and hospitality.

    The golf outing fee includes transportation to and from the hotel, greens/cart fees, use of practice facilities, and boxed lunch. The bus will leave the hotel at 10:30 am for a noon shotgun start and return to the hotel after the cocktail reception following the completion of the round.

    To sign up, select this option in your registration form. Additional fee of $295 will be added to your total.