How Can Diversity Lead To Innovation?

innovation“You have capacities within you that are phenomenal, if you only knew how to release them.”David Bohm, American theoretical physicist renowned for his interpretation of quantum mechanics

Diversity is innovative potential.

To activate this potential, leaders must understand the underlying process through which diversity leads to innovation. One early requirement is to loosen traditional views of leadership based in command and control. This creates mental space to consider an organization as an ecology of innovation. An ecology is a system of difference. Innovation emerges as people with diverse thinking interact with each other in an accommodating environment.

This reframed view of leadership starts you on the path to realizing the innovative potential and adaptability that is embedded in your organization today.

Leaders Set the Climate for Innovation

Leaders support innovation by setting the conditions for innovation to emerge. Innovative potential applies equally to new ideas for products and services, business processes, organization design, or any other type of useful innovation. Broadly speaking, the factors that influence a system’s ability to generate emergent innovation can be understood through a framework comprised of container, diversity, and exchange, referred to in some circles as the CDE model.

  • Container – A container is a boundary. It is a force that is both constraining and cohesive which holds ideas, perspectives, experiences, interest, and the like, together for enough time such that new ideas can emerge. A container can take the form of a physical space, a timeframe, a workshop, a work group, an organization, a compelling idea, etc.
  • Diversity – Diversity is difference. It is frequently viewed through the narrow lens of gender and race. Diversity also takes the form of differences of opinion or perspective, industry experience, education, job boundary, age, country of citizenship…the sources of difference are virtually endless.
  • Exchange – Exchange is the flow of information and meaning among members of a system. It is the quantity, quality, and duration of interaction that occurs between members of an organization. At a most basic level, exchange is effective dialogue.

Dialogue Is the Flow of Meaning

Creating real, face-to-face dialogue in your organization is a critical leadership objective if you are to realize the potential of diversity. Dialogue is the ability to think together in ways that allow differences to emerge in service of common interests. This creates the potential for ideas, perspectives, and experiences to combine in ways that can lead to new awareness and experimentation. This newness can be small, incremental change or it can be a strike-of-the-eye realization that leads to discontinuous, transformative change in products, markets, or strategic capability.

An important enabler of effective dialogue is shifting habitual thinking and ways of interacting. Most of us have become highly skilled at a phrase called “thinking alone”, a term coined in Dialogue: The Art of Thinking Together, written by William Isaac, one of the founders of MIT’s Organizational Learning Center.

These thinking flaws take several forms: fragmentation and losing awareness of the whole; rigidly holding onto one’s views; and imposing one’s views onto others. These patterns suppress the innovative possibility of dialogue. Until we’re able to create psychologically safe space to share our reality, we’re working in a state of fragmentation and under-leveraging the potential of diversity.

Taking Innovation from Theory to Practice

We can experience an application of container, diversity, and exchange (i.e., dialogue) by looking at a process for organization design. The design journey is viewable as a series of conversations focused broadly on the vision of a new organization and narrowly on specific design issues. These conversations are frequently conducted in workshops. They are understandable as containers that hold members together to explore important aspects of today’s current state and tomorrow’s possibility.

Inside these containers we place diversity. The wisdom needed when creating a new organization design is distributed throughout the system. Seeing the whole system and thinking in whole-system terms requires the use of a microcosm. It represents all the voices in the system from central leadership to the edges of the organization and, at times, beyond the edges to key external stakeholders. This microcosm represents a diversity of voices, perspectives, and knowledge about the organization and its operating environment.

The exchange that must occur among the diverse members of an organization is based strongly in dialogue. Facilitation must support the flow of meaning and break down common patterns of fragmented thinking, rigidity of thought, and the imposition of viewpoints. Regarding the latter point, it is common to prepare leadership by collaboratively thinking through their involvement and how their behavior will support or inhibit effective exchange. The process can only work when each participant feels unencumbered to speak their truth.

The belief that there are politically “right” and “wrong” comments will disempower diverse thinking.

Diversity is the Well Spring of Innovation

Diversity is the source of innovation that organizations require to survive.

Leaders are well served to understand the ecology metaphor and apply it in their organizations. You cannot command discovery. Instead, ecology emphasizes interaction as the means to invite diversity into creative discovery. Setting the conditions for an ecology of innovation is not a quick solution. You can, however, begin to shape your understanding and awareness.

Start by looking at your management team: how does it meet; what are its sources of diversity; what is the quality of the dialogue and exchange? This exercise will begin to shape your thinking about the factors that unlock the innovative possibility of diversity in your broader organization.

Carlo Levi, Italian political activist during Mussolini’s dictatorship said, “The future has an ancient heart.” The ideas in this article are based in complexity science informed by the adaptability of natural ecologies that have been evolving over millennia. This perspective views the interactions that occur across an organization, or in a workshop, as a primary concern of leadership. The true catalyst of innovation is the web of relationships between people who do not think alike. This places diversity in the center of the conversation about innovation. Activating the potential of diversity is the responsibility of leadership at all levels of an organization.

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